Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was a prominent Indian Scientist and 11th president of our country India. Kalam was also known as the Missile Man of India. He was honoured with several prestigious awards in his career including India’s highest civilian honour Bharat Ratna in 1997.
Full name of kalam is Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam also known as Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam. He was born in Dhanushkodi, Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu ,India and studied physics and aerospace engineering.
He was the 11th president of our country India and elected against Lakshmi Sehgal in year 2002. Before becoming the President of India, kalam worked with the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as an aerospace engineer.
Kalam was known as the Missile Man of India for his important role in the nation’s civilian space programmer and military missile development. Also, in 1998, he made significant contributions to India’s Pokhran-II nuclear tests of 1998.
Do you know the fact that A.P.J Abdul Kalam began his career as a scientist at the Aeronautical Development Establishment of the Defence Research and Development Organization – DRDO ? He had also served as the project director of India’s first Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III) at ISRO satellite station.
Dr. Kalam was the Chief Scientific consultant of Prime Minister and also the Secretary of Department of Defense analysis & Development. He served because the chairman of TIFAC (Technology info foretelling And Assessment Council). He created Technology Vision documents. These documents are literally a road map for dynamic this standing of Republic of India from developing Nation to Developed Nation until 2020.
Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October, 1931 to a Tamil Muslim family in Rameswaram, then in Madras Presidency in British India and now in state Tamil Nadu. His father name was Jainulabdeen, who was a boat owner and imam of a local mosque. His mother name was Ashiamma, who was a housewife.
Abdul Kalam was the youngest of five siblings in his family, the eldest was a sister, namely Asim Zohra and three elder brothers, namely Mohammed Muthu Meera Lebbai Maraikayar, Mustafa Kalam and Kasim Mohammed. Kalam was close to his family and always helps them, though he remained a bachelor whole life (unmarried).
His ancestors had been wealthy traders and landowners in old times, with numerous properties and large tracts of land in the local area. They trade groceries between the mainland and the island to and from Srilanka and also ferrying the pilgrims from mainland to the Pamban Island. So,their family got the title “Mara Kalam Iyakkivar” (wooden boat steerers) and later well known as “Marakier.”
But by year 1920s, his family had lost most of his fortune; their businesses failed and by the time Abdul Kalam was born are in the stage of the poverty-stricken to the family. To help the family, Kalam started selling newspapers at an early age in life.
In his school days, he had average grades but was described as a bright and hardworking student who had a strong desire to learn. Mathematics was his main interest of study.
Interesting Facts Secrets About A. P. J. Abdul Kalam
- In order to support his poor family, young Kalam used to distribute newspapers after his school hours to add to his father’s income.
- His favourite subjects were Mathematics and Physics and ultimately, he took up aerospace engineering later in life.
- He was also a recipient of honorary doctorates from 40 universities.
- A prolific writer, Kalam has authored around 15 books on various subjects ranging from nuclear physics to spiritual experiences.
- His autobiography Wings of Fire: An Autobiography, first published in English, has been translated into 13 languages including French and Chinese.
- Kalam’s life also inspired I Am Kalam, a 2011 Hindi film directed by Nila Madhab Panda. The film showcases a poor Rajasthani boy, who is inspired by the life of the former President of India, APJ Abdul Kalam. It’s Kalam’s life which fuels a strong desire to learn in the young boy.
- Kalam became 11th President of India, succeeding KR Narayanan. For his simple and humble attitude, he was affectionately known as the ‘People’s President.’
- Kalam’s visit to Switzerland is commemorated as Science Day in the country. This declaration in his honor was made by the Swiss government after the sad demise of this great personality.